3 edition of A discourse of the government of the thoughts found in the catalog.
A discourse of the government of the thoughts
1695 by printed for Ric. Chiswell at the Rose and Crown in St. Paul"s Church-yard in London .
Written in English
|Genre||Early works to 1800|
|Series||Early English books, 1641-1700 -- 2084:1|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||, 158,  p|
|Number of Pages||158|
This expedient tempered the formidable authority of the Tribunes, and for a long while proved most advantageous to Rome; and it has caused me to reflect that the presumption of success should always be in favor of a single power contending against a combination, however superior in numbers and power. Plautianus, blinded by his ambition, gave him such a written order, which the Tribune used to accuse and convict him. Both, however, ended badly; the first discouraged the accusers, and encouraged those who were disposed to conspire; and the other paved the way for his own destruction, and was, as it were, the chief of the conspiracy against himself, as was proved by experience, for Callippus, being able to conspire with impunity against Dion, plotted so well that he deprived him of his state and his life. It would be desirable therefore that not more than ten years should elapse between such executions, for in the long course of time men begin to change their customs, and to transgress the laws; and unless some case occurs that recalls the punishment to their memory and revives the fear in their hearts, the delinquents will soon become so numerous that they cannot be punished without danger. The people, as a sovereign entity, express their sovereignty through their general will and must never have their sovereignty abrogated by anyone or anything outside their collective self.
The truth may be uncomfortable for some, but it is the only sound basis for solving the problems that we face as a nation. By fixing the meaning of text, and by pre-determining the categories of reason by which statements are accepted as knowledge, a discourse creates an epistemic reality and becomes a technique of control and discipline. Some moral philosophers have even maintained that without it neither the hand nor the tongue of man, the two noblest instruments of his glory, would have served his purpose perfectly, nor carried human works to that height of perfection which they have attained. Men of condition cannot choose their way of living, and even if they did choose it sincerely and without ambition, they would not be believed; and were they to attempt to adhere to it, they would not be allowed to do so by others. Maternianus wrote back that Macrinus was thus aspiring; and this letter fell into the hands of Macrinus before it reached the Emperor.
All these men had been so loaded with riches, honors, and dignities by their Emperors that nothing seemed wanting to complete their power and to satisfy their ambition but the Empire itself; and to obtain that they set conspiracies on foot against their masters, which all resulted, however, as their ingratitude deserved. This good then in a republic is due either to the excellence of some one man, or to some law; and as to the latter, the institution that brought the Roman republic back to its original principles was the creation of the Tribunes of the people, and all the other laws that tended to repress the insolence and ambition of men. Chapter IV. And thus, although they had been losers in war, yet they proved to be gainers in peace. The same thing occurred to the French army when encamped before Novara, where they were equally defeated by the Swiss. Chapter V.
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Having heard that a conspiracy had been organized in Arezzo in favor of the Vitelli, for the purpose of taking that place from the Florentines, he immediately went there, and without considering the strength of the conspirators or measuring his own, and wholly without any preparation, he had one of the conspirators seized by the advice of his son, the Bishop of Arezzo.
But let us leave the plots formed by single individuals, and come to conspiracies formed by a number of persons. The Tribunes had become insolent and formidable to the nobility and to all Rome, and would have become dangerous to the liberties of the republic had not Appius Claudius pointed out the way for the Romans to protect themselves against the ambition of the Tribunes.
A general cannot avoid a battle when the enemy is resolved upon it at all hazards. In addition to classical studies, science, mathematicsand metaphysics— Aristotle was taught from Scholastic commentaries—they studied acting, music, poetry, dancing, riding, and fencing.
But his reputation got in the way of his ambitions. And if the incident of Lucretia had not occurred, some other would have produced the same effect; for had Tarquin conducted himself like the previous kings, when his son Sextus committed that crime Brutus and Collatinus would have appealed to Tarquin for vengeance against Sextus, instead of stirring up the Roman people as they did.
But supposing even that they have the good fortune not to be betrayed, they are nevertheless exposed to so many difficulties in the execution of the plot, from being debarred free access to the prince, that it seems almost impossible for them to escape ruin in the execution.
Be that as it may, within weeks Descartes left for the Netherlands, which was Protestant, and—taking great precautions to conceal his address—did not return to France for 16 years.
The Emperor Antoninus Caracalla was with his armies in Mesopotamia, and had for his prefect Macrinus, a man more fit for civil than military matters. History is so full of these that I will not dilate upon them here.
Scevinus was arrested, and with him Natales, another conspirator, with whom he had been seen to converse secretly for a length of time. They committed the same fault several times, so that the conspiracy was discovered, and they suffered punishment for the crime which they might have committed, but did not.
I will, therefore, not omit offering an advice to princes or republics against whom conspiracies may have been formed. Descartes never married, but he fathered a child in with Helena Jans van der Strom.
The child, named Francine, died at age five of scarlet fever. Descartes returned to Poitou regularly until The commander, however, betrayed her confidence, and denounced Epicaris to Nero; but she denied it with such audacity as to confuse Nero, who did not condemn her.
Conspiracies against the state are less dangerous for those engaged in them than plots against the life of the sovereign. For we must hold it as a principle that a general who wishes to keep the field cannot avoid a battle when the enemy is determined upon fighting.
Hanno, whom we have also mentioned, having failed in his attempt with poison, armed his partisans to the number of many thousands, and perished with them. His use of stronger, more violent verbs also results in ultimately, a stronger emotional, moral and ethical reaction from the reader, and being much more thought provoking.
This freedom is total for two reasons. They continued themselves to live in poverty; and by means of confessions and preachings they obtained so much influence with the people, that they were able to make them understand that it was wicked even to speak ill of wicked rulers, and that it was proper to render them obedience and to leave the punishment of their errors to God.
All these men had been so loaded with riches, honors, and dignities by their Emperors that nothing seemed wanting to complete their power and to satisfy their ambition but the Empire itself; and to obtain that they set conspiracies on foot against their masters, which all resulted, however, as their ingratitude deserved.
And even if you should have tested the fidelity of your friends on other occasions of danger, yet you cannot conclude from that that they will be equally true to you on an occasion that presents infinitely greater dangers than any other. Scott Applewhite, AP One also experiences this polarized environment on university campuses where conservative speakers are routinely shouted down or prohibited from speaking at all.It is in the third book of the Social Contract, where Rousseau is discussing the problem of government, that it is most essential to remember that his discussion has in view mainly the city-state and not the nation.
Broadly put, his principle of government is that democracy is possible only in small States, aristocracy in those of medium extent. The Online Library of Liberty A Project Of Liberty Fund, Inc.
Algernon Sidney, Discourses Concerning Government  The Online Library Of Liberty This E-Book (PDF format) is published by Liberty Fund, Inc., a private, non-profit, educational foundation established in.
How to use discourse in a sentence. verbal interchange of ideas; especially: conversation; formal and orderly and usually extended expression of thought on a subject See the full definition.
Books shelved as discourse-analysis: Discourse Analysis: An Introduction by Brian Paltridge, Discourse Analysis by H.G. Widdowson, Discourse Analysis by.
They can collapse in an instant—when consent is sylvaindez.com is the thesis of this thrilling book. Murray Rothbard writes a classic introduction to one The Politics of Obedience: The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude | Mises Institute. Feb 22, · The first and shorter essay, 'The Disquisition on Government,' is the more significant in that Calhoun sought to develop a consistent theory of minority rights within the context of majority rule.
He urged universal recognition of the inequality of mankind and the diff erentiation of social and economic sylvaindez.com by: